Dengue is one of the most common infective diseases seen in tropical regions of the world. People living in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Taiwan, Caribbean Islands, Pacific Islands, Mexico, Africa, etc. are commonly affected by this illness.
Dengue is a viral illness that is spread by the bite of the Aedes mosquito, and its symptoms can range from non-specific viral fever to severe life threatening symptoms.
Here are some common symptoms of Dengue Fever that you must look out for if you live or you have visited a region that is prone to periodic outbreaks of Dengue:
Symptoms of mild Dengue fever can be non-specific and can be confused with flu-like symptoms, i.e. headache, body ache, fever, weakness, etc. It is always better to get yourself tested if the fever lasts for more than 3 days.
Symptoms can take about 4-6 days to develop post the mosquito bite and can last up to ten days.
The Classical presentation of Dengue fever includes symptoms like:
- High grade fever
- Severe body ache and bone pains (Dengue Fever is also called as break bone fever because of the infamous pains)
- Severe headache
- Pain behind the eyes
- Skin rash which usually appears between day 2 and day 5 of the fever
- Nausea and occasional vomiting
The severe form of Dengue is called Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, in which spontaneous bleeding starts in the body, from the skin, nose, stools, urine, and in extreme cases, internal organs.
If there is continuous, relentless vomiting, or fainting episodes, or even a single episode of bleeding, contact your health care provider or visit the nearest health care centre or hospital without delay. The sooner care is taken, the lesser are the chances of fatality.
Be alert if you or someone close to you develops one or more of the symptoms mentioned, especially if there is a history of mosquito bite.
Dengue can be managed well when diagnosed well in time.
Do remember that drugs like Aspirin and Ibuprofen are not permitted to be taken because they can cause fatal bleeding. Always get in touch with a qualified medical doctor to see yourself or your loved one through the proper treatment and care for Dengue.