The first line of treatment for Nasal Polyps in conventional medicine is generally the use of nasal steroidal sprays with the aim of shrinking and eliminating polyps. However, this is not a permanent treatment for Nasal Polyps as the underlying causes remain untouched. Moreover, there is always a possibility of side effects like headache, sore throat, nasal irritation, etc.
- Corticosteroids- If steroidal sprays are ineffective, the second choice is oral steroids in treatment for Nasal Polyps. However, these too do not assure life-long relief. Long-term intake of steroids may cause alarming side effects like weakening of bones, high blood pressure, weight gain, diabetes, etc.
- Antibiotics- Antibiotics are used to treat any underlying infections. They do not address the issue of nasal polyps.
- Polypectomy: It is removal of the polyps surgically through the nostrils.
- Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: This is presently the most frequently used surgery for nasal polyps.It is done with the help of an endoscope, a thin camera rod with light at its end to provide visualization and magnification of the sinus tissues.
However, even surgery may not seem like a permanent solution if the underlying cause is not treated.
Statistics show that 50-70% of the patients get polyps even after surgery.