The mainstay of prevention of Urinary tract infection (UTI) is in thwarting migration of bacteria into the urinary tract.
- Personal hygiene: Maintenance of proper hygiene is very important to prevent bacteria from entering urethra and vagina from anal region. After every bowel movement or urination, wipe the area gently with tissues from front to back only.
- Emptying the bladder: Try to empty the bladder every 4 hours during the entire day even if the need or urge to void is absent. Do not try to "hold it" for longer periods of time as it will increase the chances of infections.
- Clothing: Avoid wearing tight fitting undergarments as they encourage moisture built-up in the genital area that promotes overgrowth of bacteria leading to infection.
- Fluid intake: Drinking plenty of fluids like water, juices and soups ensures flushing out of toxins through the urine and play an important role in preventing infections. If the urine appears dark rather than pale yellow, this means not enough liquid is being ingested in the body.
- Chemical-based products: Using deodorant sprays or other chemicals, douches and powders in the genital area can irritate the urethra.
- Contraception: Those who use spermicides or female condom as a method of contraception are advised to use alternative methods.