• Ankylosing Spondylitis Complications


Joint Damage

  • Joints such as hip and knees become severely inflamed with destructive changes. Enthesitis
  • This is the painful inflammation at and around points of attachment of tendon/ligament to bone. Common sites are top of the shin bone, behind and under the heel, and ends of ribs.
  • Enthesitis at the ribs can cause chest pain and difficulty in breathing

Osteoporosis and Fractures

  • Osteoporosis of the spine may occur.
  • Damaged and weakened bones break easily causing compression fractures, especially vertebral bones causing a hump on the back.

Heart Complications

  • Inflammation of the aorta and aortic valve can cause Aortic Regurgitation.
  • There is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.

Respiratory Complications

  • Chest wall stiffness can cause breathing difficulties.
  • Scarring of lung tissues (fibrosis) can also increased the risk of developing lung infections.

Eye Complications

  • Inflammation of eyes causing eye pain, oversensitivity to light, and blurred vision.