- Delusional disorders are psychiatric disorder that present with delusions. Delusions are fixed false beliefs that have no connection with reality.
- Apart from delusions, there are no other symptoms of hallucinations, thought, mood or emotional disorders.
- Besides their delusions, they seem to function and socialize normally and their day-to-day activities are not affected.
- Bipolar disorder or also known as manic disorder is characterized by extreme episodes of elevated mood known as mania alternating with episodes of depression.
- In milder form of mania patient may feel very energetic, excitable and maybe highly productive. As mania progresses, there is erratic and impulsive behaviour causing the patient to take poor decisions due to unrealistic ideas of future. This is followed by episodes of depression.
Social Anxiety Disorder
- Social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia, is the most common anxiety disorder.
- The symptoms are intense fear in one or more social situations, leading to considerable distress and poor ability to function in daily life. The fears are triggered by perceived or actual scrutiny from others.
- Overcoming this phobia can be quite difficult for the patient. Delusion and hallucinations are however not present like in Schizophrenia.
Borderline Personality Disorder
- Also known as emotionally unstable personality disorder is characterized by marked impulsivity and instability of emotions, interpersonal relationships and self image.
- Other symptoms are fear of abandonment, unexplained irritability or anger. Patient often behaves impulsively and engages in drug or alcohol abuse, eating disorders etc.
- Self harm and suicidal tendencies are also common. Emotions are most commonly affected. Delusions and hallucinations not seen.
- It is a form of substance related disorder where psychosis occurs due to some drugs.
- Some drugs that can cause Schizophrenia-like symptoms include cocaine, methamphetamine, and hallucinogens.