Conventional medicine includes conservative, medical and surgical treatment.
Conservative treatment for Kidney Stones:
- This can be done by having as much as 2-3 liters of fluids (mostly water) a day. This helps in flushing out the urinary system.
- Painkiller medications are given to manage the pains of renal colic.
- Medicines to relax the muscles of ureter which help them to pass stones in the urine.
Surgical treatment for Kidney stones:
- When conservative and medical treatments fail, surgical interventions are taken. These surgeries include Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy (ESWL), Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL), Percutaneous Lithotripsy, Ureteroscopic Stone Removal and Open (incisional) Surgery.
- The aim of these surgeries is to either destroy the stones using shockwaves or locating and removing them using an endoscope.