• Back Pain Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms
  • Cauda equina syndrome: It is a rare disorder that usually is a surgical emergency. When something compresses on the spinal nerve roots leading to incontinence or paralysis of legs if not treated on time.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: It is a form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joints. Chronic inflammation in these areas causes pain and stiffness in and around the spine. Over time, it can lead to a complete cementing together (fusion) of the vertebrae, a process referred to as ankylosis.
  • Spondylolisthesis: is a condition of the spine whereby one of the vertebra slips forward or backward compared to the next vertebra.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints.
  • Reiter's syndrome: It is a type of reactive arthritis, meaning that it happens as a reaction to a bacterial infection in the body.
  • Paget's disease: A chronic disorder that can result in enlarged bones.
  • Gastritis/peptic ulcer: A distinct breach in the mucosal lining of the stomach (gastric ulcer) or the first part of the small intestine (duodenal ulcer), a result of caustic effects of acid and pepsin in the lumen.
  • Pancreatitis: is a disease in which the pancreas becomes inflamed. Pancreatic damage happens when the digestive enzymes are activated before they are released into the small intestine and begin attacking the pancreas.
  • Cholecystitis: is inflammation of the gallbladder that occurs most commonly because of an obstruction of the cystic duct from cholelithiasis (gallstone).
  • Renal calculi: Kidney stones
  • UTI: Urinary tract infection.
  • Ovarian cyst: is any collection of fluid, surrounded by a very thin wall, within an ovary.
  • Dysmenorrhea: Pain during menstrual period.
  • Aortic aneurysm: is a stretched and bulging section in the wall of the aorta. The aorta carries oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body.
  • Autoimmune diseases: They are illnesses that occur when the body's tissues are mistakenly attacked by their own immune system.
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