Larynx: The larynx, also referred to as the voice box, is the area of the throat that is home to the vocal cords - two small folds of mucous membrane covering cartilage and muscle that produce the voice by vibrating. The larynx is used in the processes of breathing, swallowing and talking.
Aphonia: Complete loss of voice which can be temporary or permanent.
Laryngoscopy: It is a medical procedure that is used to obtain a view of the vocal folds and the glottis.
Laryngoscope: The instrument used to view the larynx in laryngoscopy procedure
Tracheitis: A serious rapid inflammation of the trachea which usually occurs secondary to infection in upper respiratory tract.
Croup: Croup refers to an infection of the upper airway, generally in children, which obstructs breathing and causes a characteristic barking cough.
Epiglottitis: A rapid progressive Inflammation of the epiglottis – a small cartilage that covers the windpipe.