• Laryngitis Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

Larynx: The larynx, also referred to as the voice box, is the area of the throat that is home to the vocal cords - two small folds of mucous membrane covering cartilage and muscle that produce the voice by vibrating. The larynx is used in the processes of breathing, swallowing and talking.

Aphonia: Complete loss of voice which can be temporary or permanent.

Laryngoscopy: It is a medical procedure that is used to obtain a view of the vocal folds and the glottis.

Laryngoscope: The instrument used to view the larynx in laryngoscopy procedure

Tracheitis: A serious rapid inflammation of the trachea which usually occurs secondary to infection in upper respiratory tract.

Croup: Croup refers to an infection of the upper airway, generally in children, which obstructs breathing and causes a characteristic barking cough.

Epiglottitis: A rapid progressive Inflammation of the epiglottis – a small cartilage that covers the windpipe.

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