Symptoms of Epistaxis can vary from mild to severe. Bleeding from the nose can range from a few drops to a heavy flow of blood which can be life threatening. A proper detailed case history of the patient and a thorough physical examination can help in arriving at the probable diagnosis.
Common symptoms for any patient presenting with epistaxis include:
- Sudden onset bleeding from the nose
- Bleeding may be mild in few drops or excessive, from single or both nostrils. This is one of the striking features in symptoms of epistaxis.
- Pain in the nasal bridge with a nose blocked sensation due to clots in the nasal area.
- History of recent fall, trauma or injury may be enquired.
- Bleeding from any other areas in the body like ears, gums, urine, stools, etc. need to be noted. This is leading feature in symptoms of Epistaxis.
- Tendency to easy bruising, wounds bleeding easily or taking time to heal can indicate a deeper pathology and requires further evaluation.
- Patient may cough out or vomit blood in cases if he has swallowed the blood from the nose. These are significant symptoms of Epistaxis.
Any stressors like anxiety, tension, grief or worry triggering the epistaxis episode and its recurrence needs to be enquired.
These are important symptoms of Epistaxis.